With the kind permission of the author and publishers, the following glossary has been reproduced (with some revisions) from:
Michelle P. Brown, Understanding Illuminated Manuscripts: A Guide to Technical Terms (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum in association with The British Library, 1994)
This glossary was first published in electronic form on the British Library's Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts (DigCIM) site.
Click on a letter below to go to that section of the glossary.
A naturalistic depiction in painting is one that seeks to represent the appearance of things, without artificiality or stylization.