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140
The Bath Old English Gospels(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Evangelia Saxonice
Codicology:Vellum, 305 x 210 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (12 x 8 in.), ff. 147, 27 lines to a page. Cent. xi, in a fine large hand.
Collation: 18-58 66 (wants 6) | 78 (1 canc.) 88 98 106 (4, 6 canc.) | 118 (wants 1) 128-148 1512 | 168 (1 canc.) 178-198 (+1).
Provenance:From Bath Abbey, see the colophon at the end of Matthew (f. 45v)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College).
Additions:On f. 1r-1v are the manumissions in six or seven different hands. They are printed in Kemble VI, no. 1351 as well as in Madox and the Monasticon . Other manumissions, and a list of relics, formerly in this book, are now in MS 111.
Foliation: ff. a-b + 1-147 + c-d(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Old English and Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
1.
2r-147r
West-Saxon translation of the Gospel (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Evangelia quatuor, Saxonice (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B8.4.3)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
De quibus sic dicit Cl. Marescallus, “Hunc codicem et Oxoniensem rarius reperi ab invicem dissentientes, superioremque eos vetustatem spirare existimo.” Ad calcem evangelii secundum D. Mattheum habentur base; “Finit, amen. Sit sic hoc hic interim: Ego Ælfricus scripsi hunc librum in monasterio baðþonio et dedi brihtƿoldo preposito ∵ Qui scripsit vivat in pace in hoc mundo et in futuro seculo et qui legit legator in eternum.” (Content authored by Nasmith)
2r
West-Saxon translation of the Gospel of Matthew(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Matthew begins without rubric or initial: a space of 4 lines blank at top
2r
Incipit:
aefter matheus gerecednysse. her is on cneorisse boc. haelendes cristes dauides sunu
At first there are rubrics to Gospels, e.g.
2v
Rubric:
Cum esset desponsata
3r
Rubric:
Cum natus esset Ihesus in bethleem
3v
Rubric:
Ecce angelus domini apparuit
The last is on f. 6v
6v
Rubric:
Quia nisi habundauerit
which is in capitals
Initials to sections are nearly always in single colours, dark red, green, orange, blue. Some simple ornament grows out of them. Two colours sometimes occur in the same initial
Matthew, which, I believe, is all in one hand, ends f. 45v
Colophon exactly as in Nasmith (above)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
46r
West-Saxon translation of the Gospel of Mark(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
This Gospel is in a second hand: and another scribe is said to have written a single page XII 26-38 (f. 63v). The initials show no change
73r
West-Saxon translation of the Gospel of Luke(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
The hand seems a little smaller than that of Mark, and the vellum differs in quality. Initials as before
114r
Ends
The lists of Popes and Bishops (see below) occupy ff. 114v-115v. They are probably all in one hand, but the Popes, on f. 114v, are written larger. The two last, on f. 115v, Rochester and Mercia, are unrubricated
Lists of Popes
114v
Rubric:
Nomina pontificum sedis apostolice
Six columns
114v
Petrus Poppo
Leo. Iste est qui nouum canticum de S. Gregorio fecit.
Victor.
Stephanus.
Nicolaus.
Alexander” .
115r
Postea iio pape in roma facti sunt, id est, episcopus parmensis qui expulsus est. Et episcopus de luca qui papa permansit scilicet hildebrandus qui et Gregorius. Post istos etiam duo pape fuerunt Wibertus in roma qui et Clemens et Urbanus in apulia. Post istos Pascalis (the last three words added)
116r
West-Saxon translation of the Gospel of John(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
116r
The first words (On frymðe ƿæs) are in red capitals and the initial in purple red has ornament of various colours within it
The hand is clearly a different one from what has preceded. It is very possibly the same throughout the Gospel, but if so it develops from a rather round script into a very tall narrow one
The initials seem uniform with the rest
This version of the four Gospels occupies the first column in the four-volume edition of the Anglo-Saxon Gospels planned by Kemble and brought out by Hardwick and Skeat, Cambridge, 1858-78
2.
1r-1r
Manumission of lfwig the Red (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testificatio ingenuitatis Ælfwigi cognomento Rufi, qui seipsum emerat una libra ab Ælfsigo abbate (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B16.2.3)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
3.
1r-1r
Manumission of S gifu and her children (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testificatio libertatis Sægifae cum prole sua, quam ab Ælfsigo abbate emerat Edricus aet Forda pater ejus (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B16.2.3 cont.)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
4.
1r-1r
Manumission of lfric Scot and gelric Scot (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testificatio manumissionis Ælfrici Scot et Ægelrici Scot pro Ælfsigi abbatis anima (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B16.2.3 cont.)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
5.
1r-1r
Manumission of Sydefl d (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testificatio manumissionis Sydefledae quam 5 solidis et --- denariis emerat a Iohanne episcopo Siwinus aet Lincumbe Leofwii filius (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B16.2.3 cont.)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
6.
1v-1v
Manumission of Gunnhild (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testificatio manumissionis Gunnildae Thurkilli filiae quam Ioannes emerat dimidia libra (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B16.2.3 cont.)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
7.
1v-1v
Manumission of S wig Hagg (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testificatio manumissionis Sæwii cognomento Hagg de Widecum, qui seipsum lucratus est [ȝedon] ab Ælfsigo abbate (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B16.2.3 cont.)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
8.
1v-1v
Manumission of Leofgyth and her two children (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testificatio manumissionis Lifgithae aet Forda cum binis filiis ejus per Ioannem episcopum (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B16.2.3 cont.)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
9.
1v-1v
Agreement between the prior and brothers of Bath and S wig and his wife Theodgifu (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testificatio pactionis sive conventionis inter priorem et fratres Bathonenses ex una parte et Saewium cum Theodgyfa uxore sua ex altera (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B16.2.1)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
10.
1v-1v
Manumission of S thryth (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testificatio manumissionis Sæthrythae quam 3 mancsis emerat a Saewoldo abbate Ægylmerus (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B16.2.3 cont.)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
11.
1v-1v
Manumission of lfgyth (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testificatio manumissionis Ælfgythae quam dimidia libra emerat Wulwinus cognomento Hareberd ab Ælwigo abbate (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B16.2.3 cont.)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
12.
1v-1v
Manumission of Wynric (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Testificatio manumissionis Wynric quam una yra [yre] auri emerat Ægylsigus ab Ælfwigo abbate (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B16.2.3 cont.)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
13.
71r-72v
Homily on The Sunday Letter (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Scriptum de coelo delapsum seu potius homelia de diei dominicae observatione, quae sic incipit M. þa l. Her onginð þæt halie geƿrit (Content authored by Nasmith)
(Cameron B3.4.54)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
71r
The Letter of Christ concerning Sunday, f. 71r-72v, is in a much smaller hand
71r
Incipit:
(Men þa leofestan [above the line]) Her onginð þæt (halie [above the line]) geƿrit etc.
72v
Explicit:
on þæs ƿitigan naman he under fehð þæs ƿitigan mede. Amen
Printed by Priebsch Otia Merseiana I 135 (1899)
This document exists in many versions, e.g.: Greek in Vassiliev, Anecdota Graeco-Byzantina, Latin, Syriac ed. Isaac Hall, New York 1889. Ethiopic trans. by René Basset Les Apocryphes Éthiopiens II 1893 after Praetorius (1869)
14.
115r-115r
Archbishops of Canterbury (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina archiepiscoporum Dorobernensis civitatis ad Anselmum (Content authored by Nasmith)
115r
Rubric:
Nomina archiepiscoporum dorobernensis ciuitatis
Augustinus Anselmus
15.
115r-115r
Archbishops of York (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina archiepiscoporum Eboracensium ad Bosan (Content authored by Nasmith)
115r
Rubric:
Nomina archiepiscoporum eboracensium
PaulinusBosan eboraci substitutus est”
16.
115r-115r
Bishops of the West Saxons (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina episcoporum occidentalium Saxonum ad Willelmum (Content authored by Nasmith)
West Saxons: Birinus ... Stigandus Walcalinus Willelmus (added)
17.
115r-115r
Bishops of Sherborne (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina episcoporum Scireburnensis ecclesiae ad Asserium (Content authored by Nasmith)
Sherborne to Asser
18.
115r-115r
Bishops of Ripon (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina episcoporum ad Ripam (Content authored by Nasmith)
Ripon to Wulsig
19.
115r-115r
Bishops of Hexham (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina episcoporum Hagustaldensis ecclesiae (Content authored by Nasmith)
Hexham to Eanbiriht
20.
115r-115r
Bishops of Whithorn (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina episcoporum ad Casa Candida (Content authored by Nasmith)
Casa Candida to Beaduulf
21.
115r-115r
Bishops of Wells (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina episcoporum Wellensis ecclesiae (Content authored by Nasmith)
Wells to Giso, Iohannes
22.
115r-115r
Bishops of the Hwicce after Seaxwulf (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina episcoporum Hvicciorum post Saxulfum (Content authored by Nasmith)
Hvicciorum to Wulstan and SAMSON
23.
115r-115r
Bishops of London (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina episcoporum Londoniae (Content authored by Nasmith)
London to Ealhun
24.
115r-115r
Bishops of Lindsey after Seaxwulf (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina episcoporum Lindisfarorum post Saxulfum (Content authored by Nasmith)
Lindsey to Eaduulf
25.
115v-115v
Bishops of Rochester (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina episcoporum Roffensium (Content authored by Nasmith)
155v
Rochester to Alfstan, Goduuine
26.
115v-115v
Bishops of Mercia (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Nomina episcoporum Merciorum (Content authored by Nasmith)
Mercia to Haedda
27.
147r-147r
Grant by Walter Hosatum to the bishop and monastery of Bath (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Donatio capellae B. Mariae Magd. de Holewey extra Bath. et capitalis messuagii ibidem episcopo et conventui Bathon. per Walterum Hosatum, ea conditione ut episcopus et monachi aedificent et exaltent dictam capellam (Content authored by Nasmith)
The document about Holewey (f. 147r) was copied in cent. xv late
28.
147v-147v
Agreement between Bath and Worcester concerning Peter Croke (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Finalis concordia in curia regis apud Westm. 13 Hen. III. inter conventum de Bath. et episcopum Wigorn. de custodia et maritagio Petri Croke et heredum ejus (Content authored by Nasmith)
28 is on f. 147v and was copied in cent. xiii