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164
Ranulf Higden OSB, Polychronicon. Biblia pauperum etc.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
R. Higden Polychronicon. Biblia Pauperum etc.
Codicology:Vellum, 299 x 202 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (11.5 x 8.1 in.), ff. 1+ 42 + 18 + 34 + 2, four portions of cent. xiv, xiii, xv.
Multivolume:
Volume I: Cent. xiv late, well written, 39 lines to a page.
Volume II: Cent. xiii, small hands: double columns of 55 etc. lines.
Volume III: A Biblia Pauperum, drawings in outline with washes of yellow, brown, red, purple. Cent. xv early.
Volume IV: Cent. xv, double columns of 46 lines, small hand.
Collation: 1 flyleaf, 18 210 38-58 | A12 (11, 12 canc.) B8 || a12 b12 c10 || d (two).
2 fo.: uocionis.
Provenance:At the bottom of f. 1r is:
“liber m. Johannis Gunthorp decani Wellensis emptus a dauid lyenel 13a Julii ao vijo h(enrici) vijmi pro iiijs iiijd.”
Gunthorp was a considerable collector of books. He was Dean of Wells and died in 1498.
Additions:(f. iv)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) The flyleaf, of smaller size than the rest, has a late list of contents.
Foliation: ff. a-b + i + 1-94 + ii-iii + c-d(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
Volume I
1.
1r-42v
Ranulf Higden OSB, Polychronicon (incomplete) (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Ranulphi Higdeni polychronici Lib. I. et pars 2ndi (Content authored by Nasmith)
Prologue to Higden's Polychronicon
1r
Incipit:
Post preclaros arcium scriptores
4r
This page is left blank for a large circular diagram of the world
25r
The poem on Wales is in triple columns
Liber II begins f. 37v; ends f. 42r with ch. vi
42r
Explicit:
Ninus et Semiramis ampliarunt
Rolls ed. II 250
42v
blank: pencil note: “numerus fo. script. 41” (xv)
42v
A sketch of a ship drawn with dry point
Volume II
43r-50v
Hugh of Fouilloy OSA, Auicularius (De auibus) (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Moralizationes avium (Content authored by Nasmith)
In hoc tractatu spatia ubique occurrunt vacua figuris avium ut videtur designata(Content authored by Nasmith)
2a
Begins with a portion of an imperfect tract: about the Fall, and origin of Evil
43r
(1r)
Incipit:
Quod quia falsum est a deo hoc esse necesse est. Nam quia ab alio hic sit quam a solo deo cum ex ipso auctore operis mali non sit
43v
(1v)
Ending unfinished
43v
Explicit:
cui omnis est subiecta ratio nature quam ut aiunt in muliere. hoc
Change of hand
2b
43v
(1v)
Libellus cuiusdam ad Rainerum de tribus columbis: no title
43v
Incipit:
Desiderii tui karissime peticionibus satisfacere cupiens columbam cuius penne etc.
Another copy, illustrated, is at Sidney Sussex College, no. 100 in my Catalogue: another at Sion College, London. The tract not infrequently accompanies Bestiaries
Printed with the works of Hugo de S. Victore II 394
Spaces are left here for 28 pictures
Ends with a section on the eagle
50r
(8v)
Incipit:
Aquila uocata ab acumine oculorum
50v
Explicit:
dum se ipsum christo per bonam operationem conformem reddit
As in the copy at Sion College
50v-50v
Cyprian of Carthage, De dominica oratione (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
2c
50v
(8v)
Rubric:
Ex tractatu beati cipriani martiris de oratione dominica
50v
Incipit:
Sit orantibus sermo et disciplina
Followed by extracts from Jerome, Augustine, Gregory
3.
50v-54r
Hugh of Fouilloy OSA, De rota praelationis (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Tractatus de rota fortunae; cum duabus illuminationibus ipsius rotae fraterculis circumdatae, omni venustate denudatis (Content authored by Nasmith)
50v
(8v)
Prologue (no title)
50v
(8v)
Incipit:
Sicut comperi non est tibi frater honerosum diu fuisse discipulum
50v
Explicit:
rotam prelationis in capite presentis opusculi pingam
51r
(9r)
List of capitula (18). (1) de pictura rote; (2) de hiis que sunt in rota; (3) de axe; (4) de modiolo etc.; (18) qualis debeat esse prelatus teste beato Gregorio
51r
Incipit:
Uiri religiosi uita sicut rota uoluitur
51r
Half the page is occupied by a picture of the wheel of Prelacy. At the top is throned the Abbas with crosier: on each side is a monk turning the wheel by the tyre. At bottom sits another with book on desk. All are in black habits. Many inscriptions in red explain the picture. The twelve spokes of the wheel, and its other parts, symbolize virtues
52v
(10v)
The first part ends
52v
(10v)
Explicit:
si culmen prelationis ascendere contradicat
52v
(10v)
Part II
52v
(10v)
Incipit:
Post rotam uere religionis locuturi sumus frater de rota simulationis iob
52v
Explicit:
a legente facilius intelligi possint
52v
Capitula (14). (1) de pictura rote...; (14) de circuitu rote
52v
Half the page is occupied by a picture of the same character as before. Abbot at top, monk in brown on L. in black on R., one at bottom sits dejected. These four are respectively Honor possidentis, labor adquirendi, dolor amittentis, pudor nil habentis. The parts of this wheel symbolize vices
The edges of 2 leaves following f. 52v are intrusive, apparently
Text
53r
(11r)
Incipit:
(S)tatura rote similitudinem designat ypocrite
54r
(12r)
Explicit:
Et hoc iterum de predictis rotis sufficiat donee de his aliquis potiora dicat
This text occurs, without the prologue, in Bodl. MS. Digby 171 f. 71
4.
54v-60v
Sermons (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Sermones in diversos festos (Content authored by Nasmith)
54v
(12v)
Sermons
54v
Incipit:
Sufficit tamen de una uirgine loqui uerum
Treats of various classes of feasts
56v
(14v)
Incipit:
Sapientia edificauit sibi domum
59v
(17v)
Incipit:
Adorna thalamum
60r
(18r)
Incipit:
Septuagessima in alterius rei memoriam
60v
(18v)
Incipit:
Vi(n)centi dabo manna absconditum
60v
Pencil note. “Numerus fo. script. 18”
Volume III
5.
61r-94v
Biblia pauperum (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Delineationes historiarum veteris et novi testamenti numero XCVII haud inelegantes, coloribus leviter tinctae (Content authored by Nasmith)
The pictures (lacunae excepted) exactly coincide with a set in British Museum (King's MS. 5) of Flemish (Dutch) work, very finely coloured. The arrangement in the copy before us is peculiar. The two types are on the Left page one above the other; the antitype on Right page with four busts of prophets bearing scrolls:
The text on the Left page is a brief explanation of the type, beginning: “Legitur [Gen. cap. xxixo] quod...”
On the Right page are usually three verses, e.g. for Epiphany
63r
Plebs notat hec gentes christo iungi cupientes.
Christus adoratur aurum thus mirra letatur.
Hoc tipice gentem notat ad christum uenientem,
of which the 1st and 3rd refer to the types and the 2nd to the antitype
A reduced facsimile of two pages is given in Camb. Ant. Soc. Proceedings Vol. VII, pi. xii
The British Museum MS. has its pictures arranged as a series of triptychs
I give a list of the subjects, with notes from the British Museum MS., which I will call k
1
The types are gone: in k they are the Fall and Gideon's Fleece
61r
(1r)
Annunciation
2
61v
(1v)
Burning Bush. Aaron's Rod
62r
(2r)
Nativity
3
62v
(2v)
Abner comes to David, Queen of Sheba
63r
(3r)
Adoration of the Magi
4
63v
(3v)
Purification of women. Hannah offers Samuel
64r
(4r)
Presentation of Christ: 4 is wanting in k
5
64v
(4v)
Flight of Jacob from Esau. David let down from window
65r
(5r)
Flight into Egypt
6
65v
(5v)
Moses destroys the Golden Calf. Dagon falls (Two priests carry a jewelled shrine: two images fall)
66r
(6r)
Idols of Egypt fall. (Joseph, and Mary on the ass, enter on left)
7
66v
(6v)
Abraham and the three Angels. The Three Children in the Furnace
67r
(7r)
The Transfiguration. 7 is wanting in k.
8
67v
(7v)
Nathan convicts David. Miriam smitten with leprosy
68r
(8r)
Magdalene washes Christ's feet
9
68v
(8v)
Darius bids Ezra build the Temple. Judas Maccabaeus cleanses the Temple
69r
(9r)
Christ cleanses the Temple
10
69v
(9v)
Elisha (Elijah) raises the widow's son. Elisha stretches himself on the Shunammite's son
70r
(10r)
Raising of Lazarus
11
70v
(10v)
Judith's return with Holofernes' head. Sons of the prophets meet Elisha
71r
(11r)
Entry into Jerusalem
12
71v
(11v)
Melchizedek and Abraham. The Manna
72r
(12r)
The Last Supper
13
72v
(12v)
Joseph sold to the Ishmaelites. Joseph sold to Potiphar
73r
(13r)
Judas and the Priests
14
73v
(13v)
Joab kills Abner. Tryphon betrays Jews
74r
(14r)
The Betrayal
15
74v
(14v)
Jezebel slays prophets. Daniel cast into the den
75r
(15r)
Dampnacio Christi ad mortem (Pilate washing his hands)
16
75v
(15v)
Joseph stripped by his brothers. Absalom conspires against David
76r
(16r)
Conspiracio in mortem Christi (Jews on Right Christ bound on Left)
17
76v
(16v)
Shame of Noah. Elisha mocked
77r
(17r)
Christ mocked and crowned with thorns
18
77v
(17v)
Isaac carries the wood. Elijah and the widow with two sticks
78r
(18r)
Bearing the Cross
19
78v
(18v)
Sacrifice of Isaac. Brazen serpent
79r
(19r)
Crucifixion
20
79v
(19v)
Creation of Eve. Rock smitten
80r
(20r)
The side pierced
21
80v
(20v)
Joseph put in the pit. Jonah cast overboard
81r
(21r)
The Entombment
22
81v
(21v)
Samson carries the gates. Jonah cast up
82r
(22r)
The Resurrection
23
82v
(22v)
David kills Goliath. Samson rends the lion
83r
(23r)
Harrowing of Hell
24
83v
(23v)
Reuben finds the pit empty. The spouse in Canticles finds the bedchamber empty
84r
(24r)
The Women at the Sepulchre
25
84v
(24v)
Habakkuk brought to Daniel finds him alive in the den. The spouse in Canticles finds her beloved
85r
(25r)
Noli me tangere (Christ has the spade)
26
85v
(25v)
Joseph makes himself known (the brethren are in a ship). So also in k. The Prodigal's return (the fatted calf slain: a man sharpening his knife)
86r
(26r)
Christ appears to the Virgin and Apostles
27
86v
(26v)
Gideon and the angel. Jacob wrestles with the angel
87r
(27r)
Incredulity of Thomas
28
87v
(27v)
Enoch translated. Elijah translated
88r
(28r)
Ascension
29
88v
(28v)
Giving of the Law. Elijah's sacrifice: fire descends
89r
(29r)
Pentecost
30
89v
(29v)
Bathsheba seated by Solomon. Esther seated by Ahasuerus
90r
(30r)
Coronation of the Virgin
31
90v
(30v)
Judgment of Solomon. The Amalekite slain (2 Sam. i)
91r
(31r)
Last Judgment
32
91v
(31v)
Job and his children feasting. Jacob's ladder
92r
(32r)
Gaudia bonorum. The Heavenly Palace with a crowned head at each window
33
92v
(32v)
Dathan and Abiram swallowed up (standing in earth up to their knees). Sodom and Gomorrah destroyed
93r
(33r)
Pena dampnatorum. Souls and devils in Hell mouth
93v
(33v)
On this page a pencil note. Numerus fo. pict. 33. Numerus fo. script, et pict. totius libri 92
ff. 94r-94v blank
Volume IV
6.
iir-iiiv
Fran ois de Meyronnes OFM, Moralia siue Liber de uirtutibus (excerpt) (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
The Moralia of Fr. de Mayronis, imperfect
Fragmentum sermonis (Content authored by Nasmith)
iir
Incipit:
Auditu auris audiui te etc. quia uero audicio diuina pertinet etc.
See MS. Merton College, Oxford 201. 1