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Iuuencus, Euangelia metrica(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Codicology:Vellum, 250 x 170 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (9.8 x 6.8 in.), ff. 1 + 115, 21 and 20 lines to a page. Cent. vii, in large uncials on lines deeply ruled with a dry point. Two scribes have been employed.
Collation: 1 flyleaf, A (three) I8-XIIII8.
This is the oldest manuscript of Iuvencus.
Research:The description furnished by Mr Bradshaw for Zangemeister in Sitzungsberichte d. k. k. Akad. d. Wissenschaften in Wien LXXXIV 553, and reprinted in Huemer's Juvencus (Vienna Corpus), p. xxiv, may be given here:
“MS. 304 in uncial letters probably of the viith century, consisting of three separate preliminary leaves, followed by 14 4-sheet quires, numbered in the centre of the lower margin of the last page of each quire. There was probably a 15th quire of 2 sheets, now lost, at the end of the volume. The pages contain 21 lines in the 1st, 13th and 14th quires, and 20 lines through the rest of the volume. The measurement is 10 inches by 6.75 or 7 inches in breadth. The text is written continuously (not in verses), with punctuation at the end of each verse, and a larger and blacker letter at the beginning of each verse.
The three preliminary leaves are ornamentally written in large capitals (11 lines to a page), within borders, the first and last pages being enclosed in an arch, the rest within rectangular borders. They contain the verses known in connexion with St Isidore and his Library “Sunt hic plura sacra” etc., but differing from those in the editions both in order and matter (note that this is the earliest known copy of these verses)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) and containing only the Bible, Origines, Hilarius, Augustinus, Theodosius, ending up with “ecce Iuuencus adest tibi” , and on the opposite page the text of Iuuencus begins without any rubric, the first preface being written in the same fancy capitals as the verses of St Isidore thus (4a 4r); Mattheus instituit ... the first preface ends (4b 4v) Iohannis fremit misteria uitae | caluetii : || aquilini : | : siue iuuenci : so far in large fancy capitals, then immediately in ordinary uncials: Immortale nihil then on leaf 5b (5v) canentis, Dulcis iordanes ut xpo digna loquamur : ~ Rex fuit leaf 36a (36r) tetigit seruator ihs. sana ministerium praebebat femina mensis: ~~ then at once in larger capitals: sapientissimi uiri Iuuenci: xpiani : euangeliorum liber primus: explicit Incipit liber secundus caluetii ~ aquilini ~ Inde philippus ait >>> these last words are in red but in ordinary uncials, over leaf (36b 36v) it proceeds: cernes dubitare quiesce et proprios huc saepe greges ad pocula duxit. Progrediens uide na oculis tueri licebit ad hoc seruator talia dicta detulit. Iamque dies the 2nd book ends, and the 3rd begins thus (67a 67r): turbasque reliquit. Explt Incpt liber tertius (in red) Fuderat the 3rd book ends, and the 4th book begins (93b 93v): hominum seletio fiet: Euangeliorum liber tertius explct (in red) Incpt eiusdem liber . . (in black) quartus ? feliciter ? (in red). Talia The MS. breaks off book IV, verse 733, thus (115b 115v) nunc meminisse decet qm planus ille solebat. The remaining lines, here wanting, would occupy nearly 3 leaves of the next quire, which probably consisted of four leaves only. There is no trace in the volume of the Library to which it belonged before the Reformation; the only entry which seems to have given this information on the first page has been carefully erased.”
Provenance:To this some remarks may be added.
As to the owners of the manuscript in medieval times. There is, as is stated above, an erasure at the top of f. 1r. It is of one word only, of ten or twelve capital letters, apparently. The first letter might be A and the last S.
On the margin of f. 72v is neatly written (x?) the word sugga. On f. 75v at top in pale ink (as noted by Marold) is the name Engelberga (in a German hand according to Traube). Traube, O roma nobilis p. 57, compares the marginal reference in the Berne MS. 363 to Angelberga wife of Louis II. A note in the College Library copy of Nasmith's Catalogue records an opinion (possibly that of Traube) that the ornamentation of this MS. is Hispano-Gothic.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
The book has evidently been long in England. There are a good many marginal notes in an English hand of cent. viii or ix, rather rough. There are also a few interlinear glosses (all apparently in Latin) in a neater hand of cent. x (?). I incline to identify it with the “Juvencus in Romana scriptura” which is mentioned in our oldest catalogue (xii) of Christ Church, Canterbury (Ancient Libraries, p. 11, no. 152). This had the mark HL, not now traceable in the manuscript.
Two features might suggest the possibility that the book has a connexion with Spain. These are (1) the occurrence of Saracenic arches in the ornament of the preliminary leaves, (2) the passages from Isidore of Seville inscribed thereon.
But though pages framed in horse-shoe arches do occur in early Spanish MSS. (e.g. those of Beatus on the Apocalypse) they also occur in Italian art: see for instance a Monte Cassino martyrology of cent. xii in Mr H. Y. Thompson's collection (Fifty MSS. I, p. 37). And the popularity of Isidore was early and wide-spread.
Nor is there any clear indication of Spanish habits of orthography in the text. On the whole, it is probably safer to regard the book as of Italian origin.
Foliation: ff. a-b + i + 1-115 + c-d(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Iuuencus, Euangelia metrica (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Framed in a Saracenic arch. The arch is divided into 17 compartments in each of which is an oval gem with a roughly circular eye. The shafts are each divided into six compartments: each contains a rough pattern of leaves. Two sprays project from the top of each shaft. The lettering on this page (and those which follow) is in capitals, drawn in outline with the pen and having the thick strokes coloured with yellow or green
On ff. 1v-3v the writing is enclosed in rectangular frames; these are decorated, some with continuous patterns, others with devices in compartments: green, red and yellow are used
On f. 3v the frame takes the form of a Saracenic arch again
On f. 4r and most of f. 4v the writing is still in outlined capitals, the strokes filled in with colour. The normal writing begins near the bottom of f. 4v
The colophon of Liber I is curiously confused. I give a full transcript
Sapientissimi uiri Iuuenci :
xpiani : euangeliorum. (Red capitals)
Liber primus: explicit (Black capitals filled with yellow)
Incipit liber secundus (Red)
Caluetii: aquilini. (Black capitals filled with yellow)
Inde philippus ait (Red, smaller)
Cernes dubitare quiesce (Black) (II 110)
Et proprios huc saepe greges ad pocula duxit (Red) (II 264)
Progrediens uide na oculis tueri licebit. (Black) (II 109*)
Ad hoc seruator talia dicta detulit. (Red) (Cf. II 425, etc.)
Text of Liber II with red, yellow and green initial then begins.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
“Nomina sacra. DS XPS SCS SPS DNS IHS.”
Neumes have been inserted in one or two places