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41
Old English Bede(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Bedae Historia Saxonice
Codicology:Vellum, 340 x 205 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (13.7 x 8.5 in.), ff. 244 + 2, 25 lines to a page (27 in quires K-N). Cent. xi, in two principal hands of which one is remarkably large. Both are clear and black.
Collation: 1 modern flyleaf, 18 26 38-128 1310 (4 canc.) 148-308 316 (wants 6), 1 flyleaf modern. The first quire with an old mark is F (6); this marking goes to M or perhaps N (13): 14 is marked A; this marking runs to R(30): 31 has no mark.
Provenance:The volume was one of those given by Leofric to Exeter. On 488 is his inscription in good round minuscules, in Latin and Anglo-Saxon (Cameron B16.10.5)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College):
“Hunc librum dat leofricus episcopus ecclesie sancti petri apostoli in exonia ubi sedes episcopalis est ad utilitatem successorum suorum. Si quis illum abstulerit inde, subiaceat maledictioni. FIAT. FIAT. FIAT.
Ðas boc gef Leofric. b. into sce petres mynstre on exancestre þaer se bisceopstol is for (his) saƿle alisednysse 7 gif hig hƿa ut æt brede god hine fordo on þære e ...”
It is not entered in the list of Leofric's gifts contained in the Bodleian MS. Auct. D. 2. 16 and printed by Dugdale, Wanley, Warren (Leofric Missal) etc.
Research:This MS. was used by Abraham Whelock for his edition of 1644. Various notes on flyleaves and margins are in his hand. The last editions are that by Dr T. Miller, 1891 etc. (E. E. T. S.) (who gives an account of it in his introduction ( I p. xvii and II), and a full collation of its text), and that by J. Schipper (Bibliotek der Angels chsischen Prosa IV 1899).
The date assigned by Schipper is the middle of cent. xi, and that assigned by Dr G. F. Warner is 1030-1040.
Additions:The ornamentation of this book is interesting. It consists chiefly of decorative initials which are irregularly inserted. They are in outline: a faint wash of red has been applied in some cases. In many instances the pencil sketch (afterwards executed in ink) is visible.
Research:It seems to me very likely that the volume was written in two main portions (quires 1-13 and 14-31) which were begun simultaneously. This view is suggested by the lettering of the quires, and I think the indications afforded by the initials and hands do not disagree with it. Dr Miller distinguishes four sections and a plurality of scribes. Schipper once held a similar view, but withdrew it in deference to the scribe's own assertion (in the verses on pp. 483, 484) that he wrote the book “with his two hands.”
Additions:The margins have been utilized for the transcription of a good many interesting texts. Some of these (especially the Salomon and Saturn) are well known. I do not think that a complete list has been given, and I attempt one here. Wanley (Cat. p. 114) takes account of the Anglo-Saxon passages only.
Foliation: ff. a-b + i + pp. 1-490 + ff. c-d(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Old English and Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
1.
1-488
Old English Bede with marginal additions (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
The History of Bede in the Anglo-Saxon version
Cameron B9.6 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
1
Begins with Capitula
1
Rubric:
ÐIS / IS / SEO / GESETTNES ÐlSSE / BRYTENE OÐ HIBERNIA / etc.
in capitals which gradually diminish in size
1
There is a large initial: no more occur till p. 61
2
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) “bletsung to candelun. Domine Iesu Christe creator celi” , etc. Text in Latin, ending p. 7, with Collect: “Deus omnipotens tua nos protectione custodi” , etc. “his peractis cantetur” Ant. “Haue gratia plena. Sancti Simeonis collecta. Erudi quesumus domine”
Old English liturgical rubrics intermittent in Latin text: Cameron B12.5.2(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
8
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Masses for Sexagesima and Quinquagesima, continued on following pages (p. 13 Feria iii infra quinquag., p. 14 Sabbatum)
16
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Dom. in(i)tium xl (1st Sun. in Lent). Masses, continued up to Good Friday (p. 36 and 38-39)
18
Preface of Bede. Initial and first words not inserted
22
Text begins. Initial and first words not inserted
45
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Mass for St Benedict
46
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Office for Easter Eve
60
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) SS. Philip and James. Invention of the Cross
61
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) 61 sqq. Antiphons, etc. for Advent
66
Liber II. Initial not inserted
75
(74)
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) For the Christmas season
There is no more marginal writing until p. 122
122
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) “On þone forman deeig on geare þæt is on þone ærestan geohel dæig” . (Of Christmas Day and the marvels accompanying the Nativity)
124
Liber III. Initial not inserted
124
A bit of ornament in the margin. Nothing more till p. 161 where is an initial in fine outline with a human figure hanging by the neck. The next is at p. 175
124
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) “On þone ilcan dæig cristes acennednesse godes circean arƿorðiað sanctam anastasiam”
125
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) “(O)n ðone forman dæig bið sancta eufemian tid”
128
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Similar notice of St Stephen
130
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) (l. 4). St John Evangelist
131
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) The Innocents
132
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) St Silvester. A blank follows
For the above matter (from p. 122) see Old English Martyrology (E. E. T. S.) ed. Herzfeld
134
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 134-139. Latin text. Offices for Advent
158
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Mis(sa) quam sacerdos pro se debet
182
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Latin prayer: “Pietatem tuam quesumus domine nostrorum absolue uincula delictorum”
182
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Anglo-Saxon follows: ƿið ymbe nim eorþan ofer ƿeorp mid þinre sƿiþran handa under þinum sƿiþran fet 7 cƿet fo ic under fot funde ic hit hƿæt eorðe mæg, etc. (Cockayne, Saxon Leechdoms, Rolls Series I 384)
Cameron A43.8 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
192
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 192-194. Offices for the Eve and Feast of All Saints
196
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 196-198. Fragment of Salomon and Saturn, used by Kemble and other editors. It supplements the only other known MS. (MS 422 in this collection)
Cameron A13 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
196
Incipit:
Saturnus cƿæð hƿæt ic iglanda
198
Explicit:
ofer mægene 7 hine eac ofslehð. T. (l. 189 Kemble)
206
initial in pencil
On p. 207 sqq., initials in plain black
206
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 206, 207, 208. Charms partly printed by Cockayne, Leechdoms I 394, 398
Cameron A43.9, A43.10, B23.1.1 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
206
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) “Ne forstolen ne forholen etc.
Gif feoh sy undernumen etc.
... Petur pol patric pilip marie brigit felic in nomine dei 7 chiric 1 qui queri(t) inuenit”
What follows has not been printed
207
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) “Christus illum siue (= sibi) elegit in terris ficarium qui de gemino captiuos liberet seruitio plerosque / de seruitute quos redemet hominum innumeros de sabuli obsoluit dominio ymnos / cum apocalipsi salmosque cantat dei cousque et edificandum dei tractat pupulum quem legem / in trinitate sacre credent nominis tribusque personis unam · Sona domine (zona domini) precintus diebus ac noc / tibus (sine) intermissione deum oret dominum cuius ingentes laboris pcepturis pcepturis (sic) premium / cum apostoli(s) regnauit scs super israel. Audite omnes amantes deum sancta merita uiri in Christo / beati patricii episcopi · quomodo bonum ab actum simulatur angelis perfectum - que est propter uitam / equatur apostolis patricii laudes semper dicamus ut nos cum illo defendat deus. / Crux Christi reducat Crux Christi perriit et inuenta est habraeham tibi uias montes / p. 208 / silua(s) semitas fluminas andronas cludat Isaac tibi tenebras inducat Crux iacob te / ad iudicium ligatum perducat iudei christum crucifixerunt persimum (!) sibimet ipsum perpetrauerunt / opus celauerunt quod non potuerunt celare sic nec hoc furtum celatur nec celare (-ri) possit / per dominum nostrum” . Space follows. Cf. Cockayne loc. cit. 60, 286
208
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Receipt: “ƿið eah ƿærce” , etc. Cockayne I 382
Cameron B21.5.1 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
The lines from “Christus illum” to “defendat deus” are the last stanzas, very corruptly written, of the Hymn of SS. Sechnall or Secundinus on St Patrick, of which only four complete copies are known. This fragment has not been noticed. Special efficacy was attached to the stanzas here quoted. See Bernard and Atkinson (The Irish Liber Hymnorum)
224
Liber IV. Initial
224
(Liber IV) initial in outline, the first of a numerous and very pretty series
224
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 224-225. Office for the Invention of the Cross
254
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 254-280. Homily. “Men þa leofestan ic eoƿ bidde 7 eaðmodlice lære” , Archiv, XCI 379 (latter part). Copied for Professor Napier: also in Vercelli MS.
Cameron B3.4.9 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
272
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Interrupted at p. 272 by a prayer in Latin:
“ƿið ealra feoda grimnessum. Dextera domini fecit uirtutem, dextera domini exaltauit me” (Cockayne I 386)
Cameron B23.1.2 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
280
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 280-287. Homily. “Her sagað ymbe þa halgan marian usser dryh(t)nes modor” (on the Assumption).
Copied for Professor Napier: apparently only in this MS.
Cameron B3.3.21 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
287
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 287-295. Homily (on Last Judgment, Heaven, Hell, etc.). “Repleatur os meum laude ut possim cantare. Men þa leofestan tƿa ceastra ƿæron from fruman ƿorode” .
Copied for Professor Napier: apparently only here
295
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 295-301. Homily (on Ascension Day, Last Judgment, etc.). “Hec est dies quam fecit dominus exultemus et letemur in ea. Men þa leofestan Her sagað an þissum bocum ym ða miclan geƿird” .
Copied for Professor Napier: also in MS 303, p. 72
Cameron B3.2.29 and B8.5.3 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
322
Caedmon's hymn, West Saxon version, Cameron A32.2(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
326
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Charm. “ƿið sarum eagum. Domine sancte pater omnipotens aeterne deus sana occulos hominis istius N etc.” (Cockayne I 387)
Cameron B23.1.3 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
326
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) “ƿið sarum earum” (Cockayne I 387)
326
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) “Rex glorie Christe [raphaelem angelum] exclude fandoro[a]hel auribus famulo dei illi mox recede ab aurium torquenti sed in raphaelo angelo sanitatem auditui componas. Per. ƿið magan segcnesse” . (Cockayne I 387)
326
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) “Adiuua nos deus salutaris noster exclude angelum sanielem angelum malum qui stomachum dolorem stomachi facit sed in dormielo sancto angelo tuo sanitatem serui tui in tuo sancto nomine sanatione(m) ad ad tribuere. per”
327
a black initial, and then some omitted
329
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) “Creator et sanctificator pater et filius et spiritus sanctus ut sit benedictio tua super omnia dona ista. per.
+ · sator · arepo · tenet · opera · rotas.
Deus qui ab initio fecisti hominem et dedisti ei in adiutorium similem sibi ut crescere [vel nt]
et multiplicare [vel nt] da super terram huic famulam tuam N ut prospere et sine dolore parturit”
350
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 350-353. Charm. (Wanley, p. 115: Cockayne I 388)
“Ic me on þisse gyrde beluce”
Cameron A43.11 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
352
initial
365
initial
368
Liber V. No initial
370
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 370-373. Masses for Common of Saints and Pro rege. Rubrics in red capitals
394
(399)
initial (very rough)
400
initial
402
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 402-417. Homily on St Michael.
“Men ða leofestan us is to ƿorðianne 7 to mærsianne seo gemind þaes halgan heah engles sancte Michaeles” (hand changes on p. 408).
Copied for Professor Napier: apparently only here
Cameron B3.3.24 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
410
a very pretty initial(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), with a small figure of Christ, beardless, on the Cross, the Divine Hand above (within the Cross)
433
a sketch of a man with two rings confining his legs
On f. 436 and 448 are scribbles in runes Cameron B25.4.1 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
436
448
474
a bit of ornament in pencil
475
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 475-477. Responses from Job, and “de Tobi” , “de Iudith” , “Dom. I mensis October usque in Dom. i mensis November” , “de minoribus prophetis (written pphens) a[d] dom. I mens. nou. usque medium aduentu domini” .
478
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Responses etc. for S. Martin
482
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Responses etc. for John Baptist and Peter and Paul
483
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) “For þone cyng 7 for þone bysceop 7 for eall cris(tene...edge of leaf gone)”
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) A Mass (a paganorum nos defende periculis)
484
Old English Bede(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) ends
484
Explicit:
oð his daga ende drihten herigan. Amen
484
[Added: “geƿeorþe þaet” ] This is the end of the scribe's prayer which is given in full by Wanley, by Miller and by Schipper
484
surrounded and partly written over by later text, is part of a fine figure of Christ crucified: it lacks the left arm. The head is bearded, the Cross not drawn
484
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) pp. 484-488. Following the end of the text. Homily giving the story of the Passion.
“Men ðe gehirað nu hu (space) drihten ƿæs sprecende on þas tid to his geferum” .
Copied for Professor Napier: apparently only here
Cameron B3.2.19 (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
485
On the next page is a small nude figure (also written over) standing on rocky ground and holding up his hands, spread out on a level with his shoulders
488
Marginalia:(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Unimportant scribbles. Above the Leofric-inscription is: “Atte le”
1  Cyriacus is coupled with Patrick in the hymn Rogo patrem in Harl. 7653 and the Leabhar Brecc