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415
The Norman Anonymous(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Tractatus Eboracenses
Codicology:Vellum, 211 x 135 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (8.6 x 5.5 in.), ff. 4 + 154 + 2, 28 and 27 lines to a page. Cent. xi-xii, in several fine hands, some of which resemble the Christ Church (Canterbury) hand.
Collation: a4, 18 28 310 48-78 (7 canc.) 88 98 (1, 2 canc.) 108-138 142 158-198 (wants 8) 2010, b2.
Research:This volume contains the famous series of tracts by the “Yorker Anonymus” : described by Hampe, Neues Archiv XXII 669. (He distinguishes 7 or 8 scribes.) The greater part of the text has been printed, as the references given below will show, in MGH. (Libelli de Lite) or H. Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, 1899.
Foliation: ff. i-vi + pp. 1-112 + 112a + 113a + 113-164 + 164a + 165a + 165-212 + 212a + 213a + 213-292 + 292a + 293a + 293-306 + ff. vii-viii(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
1.
1-2
Summus pontifex (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
1
[Late title]
1
Rubric:
[An summus Pontifex sit iuditio subiectus]
1
Incipit:
Decretum est in sacris canonibus
2
Explicit:
nullatenus debet iudicari de ordine
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche 436
2.
3-15
Equalitas ecclesiarum et unitas ecclesie (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
3
Rubric:
[De una ecclesia]
3
Incipit:
Auctoritate sanctorum patrum didicimus quod sancta ecclesia toto orbe diffusa una sit ecclesia una sponsi columba
A section begins in capitals at p. 11
11
Incipit:
Ecclesia quippe Sathane non sacrificabat uni deo
15
Explicit:
cum quo unus est spiritus
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, 437
3.
16-38
De peccatis et de penis eorum (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
16
Incipit:
Cum de homine negat petrus in filium negauit hominis
38
Explicit:
sed utrum recte an perperam sapientium iudicio derelinquimus
Not printed: see Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 179
4.
39-49
Episcopus a solo Deo iudicandus (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
39
Rubric:
[Quod Rothomagensis ecclesia non est subiecta Romanae]
39
Incipit:
Interrogetur romanus pontifex quibus de causis reprehendit et condempnat rothomagensem archiepiscopum
49
Explicit:
Ne meliorum uita deteriorum prelatorum corrumpatur exemplo
MGH., Libelli de Lite III 656
5.
50-53
Abbas episcopo suo subditus est (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Change of hand
50
Rubric:
[De priuilegiis peculiaribus]
50
Incipit:
Precipit apostolus immo per apostolum Christus ut omnis anima sullimioribus potestatibus subdita sit
53
Explicit:
gratie igitur est ut una ecclesia huic pene subiaceat
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 449
6.
53-55
In necessitate licet leges pretermitti (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
53
Rubric:
[De temperandis legibus]
53
Incipit:
Oportet leges aliquando temperari propter misericordiam
55
Explicit:
ullo crimine reos teneri
Not printed
7.
55-56
Iudex secundum Deum iudicet (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
55
Incipit:
Cum aliquis in iudicio de crimine reus conuincitur
56
Explicit:
per misericordiam
Not printed
8.
56-57
De mercenarii sententia (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
56
Incipit:
Si mercennarius et qui non est pastor
57
Explicit:
nec tenenda est sententia
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 452
9.
57-85
De iusticia christiana (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
57
Incipit:
Omne iudicium aut in ecclesiasticis situm est negotiis aut in secularibus
At p. 72 an initial, but no break in the text
85
Explicit:
si ergo hec propter eum facitis nobis illi pocius facitis quam nobis qui potens est retribuere uobis. Amen
Not printed
10.
85-86
Sacerdotis auctoritas (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
85
Incipit:
Duo sunt quibus hic mundus principaliter regitur sacerdotalis auctoritas et regalis potestas
86
Explicit:
sed et hoc dicendum quia sancte ecclesie rex filius est non presul. discipulus non magister. subditus non
[breaks off]
Not printed
11.
86-92
De diversitate penarum (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
86
Rubric:
[De Canonibus et Decretis]
86
Incipit:
Si omnia precepta canonum paria essent idest equalis dignitatis
92
Explicit:
Hos per omnia imitari nos oportet
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 453
12.
93-99
De primatu ecclesie Hierosolimitane (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
93
Rubric:
[De ecclesia Romana et Hierosolimitana]
93
Incipit:
Videamus de romana et hierosolimitana ecclesia. que rectius alteri preferri debeat
99
Explicit:
quos plenos fuisse gratia diuina loquuntur testimonia
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 457
13.
100-102
Electio et consecratio episcopi (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
100
Rubric:
[De electione Pontificis]
100
Incipit:
Pontifex aut dei tantum electione debet constitui aut hominum tantum aut simul dei et hominum
102
Explicit:
Rectene id an perperam ipsi uiderint qui inuenerunt
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 462, nos. xiii a, xiii b
14.
102-107
De malestate baptismi (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
102
Rubric:
[De Baptismo et Eucharistia]
102
Incipit:
Si queritur quid melius sit atque prestantius baptismus an sacerdotium
107
Explicit:
quales ab eterno non sunt scripti uel electi uel predestinati
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 464
15.
108-112
De nuptiale sacramento (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
108
Rubric:
[De nuptiis]
108
Incipit:
Si christiana nubit iudeo uel ethnico
109
Explicit:
peccato idolatrie comparatur
Not printed
The lower part of p. 109 is cut off and replaced by new vellum: a fragment of text (for which see the Addenda) survives, pasted over, on p. 110: the whole of pp. 111, 112 are a newer leaf, and blank (p. 112 not blank, contains later rubric)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
110
The fragment of text on p. 110, now pasted over with newer vellum, runs as follows(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
110
nec ea que in mundo sunt diligant. ut omnia sua etiam
uxores propter deum relinquant. et cetera celestis doctrine
mandata obseruant. si hec inquam implere satagunt
uxoribus alligari non debent. quia qui uxoribus alligantur
hec implere non ualent. et qui non implent irritum faciunt
quantum in ipsis est christianitatis nomen.
Si coniunctio consanguineorum
abhominabilis esset apud deum et incestus reputa- (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
16.
112-114
De ordine sacerdotis (I) (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
112
(113)
Rubric:
[De deposicione sacerdotis]
The first two lines are a slip cut off from a previous page and pasted on the top of p. 113
112a
Incipit:
Sacerdotem ab ordine deponi nichil aliud esse puto quam eidem ordinem suum auferri
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 469
17.
114-114
De ordine sacerdotis (II) (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
114
Incipit:
Diuina benedictio cuius iustus maior esse
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 470
18.
114-118
De consecratione sacerdotis (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
114
Incipit:
Si uerba quibus consecratur corpus
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 470
19.
118-119
De ordine et de oficiis Christi (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
118
Incipit:
Christus factus est sacerdos diaconus subdia(co)nus
Unfinished
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 473
20.
120-120
De duobus gladiis (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
120
Incipit:
In passione domini duo fuisse gladii
120
Explicit:
in sanctorum commentariis queri debent
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 474
21.
121-127
De bonitate Dei et nature (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
121
Incipit:
Si deus omnia regit et moderatur et omnem rationalem creaturam regit et moderatur
127
Explicit:
Idem enim est adipisci summam bonitatem et summam essentiam et idem est adipisci bonum esse quod esse
? Not printed
22.
128-139
De ordinatione filiorum sacerdotum (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
128
Incipit:
Apologia pro filiis sacerdotum et concubinarum quos nunc quidam iudicant ad sacros ordines non debere admitti
139
Explicit:
sin autem correpctionem libenter excipimus
Another copy at p. 247
MGH. Libelli de Lite III 649
139-142
De equalitate apostolorum (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
139
Rubric:
[De equalitate ministrorum]
139
Incipit:
Diuina institutione nullus inter apostolos maior fuit
142
Explicit:
ut inter uicarios eorum talis etiam regula seruaretur
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 475
142-142
De immolatione corporis Christi (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
142
Incipit:
Agnus dei qui cotidie immolatur in altari aut tollit peccata mundi
142
Explicit:
Neque enim pro diabolo et membris eius offertur corpus Christi
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 477
143-204
De consecratione pontificum et regum (I) (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Change of script
143
Rubric:
[De consecratione Pontificum et regum]
143
Incipit:
Due in ueteri testamento persone pontificis scilicet et regis olei sancti unctione consecrate
Between pp. 158 and 159 should be placed pp. 173-188 (quire 12)
164a
(163*)
Incipit:
Nunc inseramus consecrationem sacerdotis et uideamus si adeo excellens est ut consecratio regis. Talis quippe est pontificis consecratio. Domine sancte pater
The office follows
On p. 169, after the inthronization collect (Domine Ihesu Christe tu preelegisti apostolos tuos ut doctrina sua nobis preessent etc.) follows what must be the king's oath
169
Incipit:
Hec tria populo Christiano et mihi subdito in Christi promitto nomine
In primis ut ecclesia et omnis populus christianus ueram pacem nostro arbitrio in omni tempore seruet, etc.
The text continues with the coronation office. On p. 171 in the Consecratio regis (omnipotens sempiterne deus creator ac gubernator celi et terre) is the formula
171
“super hunc famulum tuum N quem supplici deuotione in regnum anglorum siue saxonum pariter elegimus”
After p. 172 is the misplaced quire 12
The office continues at p. 189 and ends p. 194 with the prayer
194
Incipit:
Benedic domine fortitudinem principis
194
Explicit:
quia ascensor celi auxiliator suus in sempiternum fiat
194
A series of paragraphs on the attributes of a king follows headed
194
Rubric:
De Nomine Regni
194
Incipit:
Isidorus ait. Regnum a regibus dictum est, etc.
In the following paragraphs the authorities quoted are:
Prouerbia Grecorum. These passages are printed by S. Hellmann, Sedullius Scottus, p. 129 (1906, in Traube's Quellen u. Untersuchungen I) together with a series of 74 quotations from Prouerbia Grecorum found in the Collectaneum of Sedulius Scottus in the Cues MS., and two other passages from them cited in the Carlsruhe MS. of the Irish Canons, and in a letter of the Anglo-Saxon Cathvulf to Charlemagne. They have evidently passed through Celtic hands: their origin is uncertain.
Other authorities named are:
Hieronimus. Patricius (the tract de xii abusiuis, quoted twice as his), Liber sapientie, Ambrose, Gregory
199
“Item paulus pandit: quicunque adulari uoluerit aut pro necessitate aut pro adulatione benigne reuelat. Item paulus. Si hominibus placuissem seruus dei non essem”
200
Sinodus romana
201
Orosius. Augustine
Ends
204
Incipit:
De sermone regis aut ducis protegente inimicum
204
Explicit:
unde quidam ait. Utinam sermo regis dissoluisset me et liberaret me ut soluit ioseph. Et ut danielem liberauit de lacu leonum et ut mardocheum de angustia sua
Parts of this are printed in MGH. Libelli de Lite III 662, where also are parts of the next tract
204-235
De consecratione pontificum et regum (II) (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
204
The text continues in a rougher hand
204
Incipit:
Sancta ecclesia sponsa Christi est qui est uerus rex et sacerdos
pp. 205-208 are markedly large in script
On p. 209 this script becomes small and neat again, but there seems to be no break in the sense
This is a second copy, with some changes, of the tract no. 24.1. It ends just before the point where the former copy inserts the Coronation office. (See above on no. 24.1)
This second copy ends p. 235
235
Explicit:
quoniam et ipse summus pontifex est in quantum rex est
On the first copy p. 164a these words are followed by Nunc inseramus consecrationem sacerdotis
235-236
'Laicus' nomen est ignominie (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
235
No title
235
Incipit:
Laicus et christianus hec duo nomina aut equalia sunt in dignitate aut alterum altero est dignius
236
Explicit:
alterum ignominie id est laicus
237-238
De potestate ligandi atque solvendi (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
237
Incipit:
Dominus noster Iesus Christus si petro soli contulit claues regni celorum
238
Explicit:
sed humano intuitu et preconio intruduntur
25.
239-247
De sacerdotum matrimonio (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Large script
239
Rubric:
[An liceat sacerdotibus inire matrimonia]
239
Incipit:
Scire uelim quis primus instituit ne sacerdotes christiani inire deberent matrimonia. Deus an homo
247
Explicit:
In quibus uero uerbum nuptiarum seminat ipsi facere nuptiarum fructum appetunt
Printed by Bp Hall, Works I 756 (The honor of the married clergie) MGH. Libelli de Lite III 645
26.
247-264
De ordinatione filiorum sacerdotum (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
247
Incipit:
Apologia pro filiis sacerdotum et concubinarum
A first sketch of no. 22 (p. 128): hand changes at p. 255
264
Explicit:
sin autem correctionem libenter accipiamus
27.
264-265
De Fiscannensi ecclesia (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
264
Incipit:
Sanctorum patrum autoritas-ordinauit ut rothomagensis ecclesia caput esset et mater fiscannensis ecclesie et ipsa membrum ipsius esset et filia
265
Nunc uero uice uersa in contrarium pro his bonis. fiscannensis mala retribuit rothomagensi
265
Explicit:
non est potestas nisi a deo
28.
265-279
De Romano pontifice (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
265
Rubric:
[De Romano Pontifice]
265
Incipit:
Romanus pontifex ideo apostolicus cognominatur quod apostolorum uice et officio fungi creditur
278
Explicit:
qui ergo inter has scisma facere conatur id efficit ut etiam sacerdotalis auctoritas subruatur
279
Ends(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
MGH. Libelli de Lite III 679
29.
279-284
De primato Anglie (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
279
Rubric:
[De obediendo Romano Pontifice: more correctly, against the subjection of York to Canterbury]
279
Incipit:
Cum multe sint ecclesie in romana ciuitate aut omnibus equaliter debemus obedire aut quibusdam tantum
The script of the following pages is larger and rougher
284
Explicit:
si ergo eboracensis archiepiscopus istis uult exibere obedientiam non debet nisi cogatur de is respondere archiepiscopo cantuariensi que potius iure debet ecclesie londoniensi
MGH. Libelli de Lite III 686. Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 478
30.
284-284
De ecclesia Sathane in Roma (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
A paragraph
284
Incipit:
Considerandum est de romana ecclesia unde sit dignior ex eo quod romana est an ex eo quod ecclesia
284
Explicit:
in caritate non in exactione. propter deum non propter seculi fastum. Amen
31.
285-302
De sanctorum communione (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
285
Rubric:
(De Charitate et Obedientia)
In the hand of no. 1
285
Incipit:
Dignitas peculiaris et propria est et a patre collata filio dei et hominis quod est iudex uniuersorum
Ends p. 302 (on suficit diei malitia sua)
302
Explicit:
catia (=κακία) enim que latinus uertit in malitiam apud grecos duo significat et malitiam et afflictionem. quod cacos grece dicunt et hic pro malitia magis transferri debuit
Böhmer, Staat und Kirche, p. 481