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5
John of Tynemouth, Historia aurea, Part I(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Ioh. Tynemouth. Historia Aurea I
Codicology:Vellum, 515 x 360 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (20.1 x 14.5 in.), ff. 284 + 14 + 4, double columns of 66 lines. Cent. xv, in two good hands.
Collation: 2 flyleaves, a8 (wants 1?: or 10 wants 1, 2 and 10) 18-248 254 (+4*) | 268-298 (wants 4) 308-368 (7 canc.) 372 (wants 2): b10 (wants 8-10), 2 flyleaves.
Provenance:The volume, with MS 6 and MS 7, belonged to St Alban's Abbey. On f. 1r of text, at top of col. 1, in large red letters is:
“Hic est liber S. Albani de libraria conuentus.”
At the bottom of the page in a large hand is:
“Uir uenerabilis dominus Willelmus Wyntresshull quondam huius Monasterii monachus inter plurima beneficia quibus honorem huius ecclesie multipliciter ampliauit. Hanc historiam que dicitur Aurea, et in partes duas diuiditur. non sine magnis sumptibus fecit conscribi: quod opus in libraria conuentus ad opus claustralium voluit remanere. Cuius donum auctorizando confirmauit reuerendus in Christo huius Monasterii pater et Abbas dominus videlicet Johannes Whethamstede sacre theologie professor predictumque librum in duobus voluminibus ut predicitur diuisum ad opus sui Conuentus pro futuris temporibus perenniter stabiliuit.”
Wyntreshull was among other things Almoner of the Abbey, and died perhaps about 1424. (See Horstmann, Nova Legenda Angliae, Oxford, 1901, I xlviii.)
Additions:At each end are two leaves of a large xvth cent. Antiphoner in double columns, of the same size as the leaves of the book.
Research:The work contained in these volumes is the Historia Aurea of John of Tynemouth. It has never been printed. The best account of it is to be found in Dr Horstmann's work just cited, pp. xliv-li, lv-lxv. There are three copies known.
1. MSS. Lambeth 10, 11, 12 which as I have elsewhere pointed out are from Durham Priory.
2. The present MS.
3. MS. Bodl. 240 from Bury St Edmunds, owned in cent. xvi by Thomas Prise or Price.
Foliation: ff. a-c + i-ix + 1-284 + x-xviii + d-f(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
1.
iiir-284v
John of Tynemouth, Historia aurea, Part I (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
iiir
(ir)
Alphabetical table of names etc. beginning imperfectly in Cresus, ending with Uxores
ixv
(viiv)
The account of John of Tynemouth given by Bale, copied out in good black letter by one of Parker's secretaries
The following note is appended
“Hunc Authorem in quibusdam libris tradunt Authorem esse Johannem Anglicum ut habetur in exemplari scripto Mri Richi Prise in Wallia, qui habet plures libros usque ad (blank) inter quos capite 49 habentur quedam grauamina 9 scilicet monachorum Sancti Edmundi contra Willelmum Bateman Ep. Norwicensem circa Am Dni 1344. Ubi etiam recitantur carte plurimorum regum el pontificum pro libertatibus predicti monasterii”
The MS. here mentioned is Bodl. 240. Cf. Arnold, Memorials of Bury, III 321
1r
Rubric:
Historie auree pars prima
1r
Incipit:
Julius cesar diuinis humanisque rebus singulariter instructus 1
1r
Handsome gold initial on pink and blue
Liber I has 89 chapters and contains a description of the world. The sources are given in the margin. Much is drawn from Marco Polo: for English geography Alfridus or Affridus is quoted. The versified Itinerarium Cambriae (printed in Wright's Poems of W. Mapes) is extensively used
28v
Liber II: 68 chapters, beginning “Deus est” (Content authored by Corpus Christi College) etc. and ending with
48r
Rubric:
De oppressione filiorum Israel post mortem ioseph
The History of Aseneth and the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs are used
48v
Liber III
chapter 1
48v
Rubric:
De natiuitate moysi
chapter 29
56r
Rubric:
De secundis tabulis et composicione tabernaculi
56r
Liber IV
chapter 1
56r
De sacrificiis
chapter 30
63v
De morte moysi etc.
64r
Liber V
chapter 1
64r
De Iosue etc.
64r
Fine gold initial
chapter 44
76v
Rubric:
De uictoria dauid contra amalech et de morte saulis
77r
Liber VI
chapter 1
77r
De planctu dauid etc.
chapter 77
98r
Rubric:
De fuga sedechie et urbis incendio
98v
Liber VII
chapter 1
98v
De morte sedechie etc.
chapter 60
114r
Rubric:
De nece philippi regis
chapters 21-24 are from Aesop's fables
chapters 40-43 from 4 Esdras
114v
Liber VIII
chapter 1
114v
Rubric:
De primordiis regis Alexandri
chapter 94
139v
Rubric:
De aduentu domini - nostri jhesu christi
chapters 1-19 from Gesta Alexandri
chapter 60 from Moralia Catonis
chapter 66. Julius Celsus is quoted = Caesar's Commentaries
140r
Liber IX
chapter 1
140r
Rubric:
De natiuitate domini
chapter 176
197r
Rubric:
De claudii imperatoris gestis et moribus
chapters 102-115 are on the Assumption and Miracles of the Virgin
chapter 124. Acts of S. James the Great (Abdias liber iv)
chapters 129-164. On the Sacraments
198r
Liber X
198r
Here a change of hand takes place. There is a fine border
chapter 1
198r
Rubric:
De nerone et eius moribus
chapter 63
231v
Rubric:
De hiis que precesserunt mortem neronis
chapters 2-7 are from Seneca
chapters(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) 13-21 from Clementine Recognitions
chapter 22. S. Petronilla
chapters(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) 23-25. S. Martial
chapters(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) 30, 31. Thecla
chapter 39 etc. Legends of Apostles
A gap from the end of chapter 50 to the end of chapter 52
232r
(233r)
Liber XI
chapter 1
232r
Rubric:
De moribus vespasiani imperatoris
chapter 132
284v
Rubric:
De Sanctis Agapito et ceteris martiribus
284v
(285v)
This ends imperfectly: only one leaf seems to be wanting
This book is practically all concerned with Lives of Saints
xr
Then follows the alphabetical table to Part II beginning with “Aaron” and ending with “Pueri” . Three leaves are gone at the end
1  This is the incipit of the Polychronicon which is extensively used by Tynemouth