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81
Homer, Iliad, Odyssey. Quintus of Smyrna, Posthomerica(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Homerus. Quintus Calaber
Codicology:Paper, 402 x 225 mm(Content authored by Corpus Christi College), (15.9 x 8.8 in.), ff. 523 + 15, 35 lines to a page. Cent. xv.
Collation: a8 (wants 1) 110-5210 534 (1 canc.) b8: p. 987 omitted in old foliation.
Traces of metal bosses (formerly on the cover) are visible on the first and last pages.
Additions:On f. ir notes by Parker:
a. Dominus huius Codicis Theodorus natus Tharso cilicie ordinatus a Vitaliano papa etc. Ends: annos natus lxvj: Romae Monachus. Matthaeus Cantaur.
b. In another hand (Joscelin's?):
Hic Theodorus vir et seculari et divina literatura grece et latine instructus neque unquam prorsus ex quo Britanniam petierunt anglis feliciora fuere tempora etc. (from Bede).
c. In the same hand as the last:
Hic liber Theodori repertus in monasterio diui Augustini Cantuariensis post dissolucionem et quasi proiectus inter laceras chartas illius cenobii quem cumulum chartarum scrutatus quidam pistor quondam eiusdem cenobii invenit et domum portavit monachis et aliis inhabitantibus idem cenobium inhabitantibus aut fugatis aut inde recedentibus. Sed tandem foeliciter in manus Matthei Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi hic liber devenit. quem ut ingentem thesaurum apud se asseruat. [Added: Et reponendum vult vel in communi Bibliotheca Academie Cantabrigie, vel in fideli custodia mri collegii (qui pro tempore fuerit) Corporis Christi et bte Marie ibidem.]
d. In a third hand:
Manus commentarii greci est Theodori Archiepi. Quamdiu hic liber scriptus fuit antequam Theodorus romam peruenerit, nescitur.
The other preliminary leaves are blank.
Research:The resemblance in certain points between the hand of this Homer and that of the Leicester Codex was noted by Dr J. Rendel Harris (Leicester Codex, p. 8). I am not at all sure that the two hands are not identical. This particular scribe varied extraordinarily in his work. A Demosthenes at Leyden which has a notice in the “Leicester” hand that it was written in 1468 “by me Emmanuel of Constantinople” and given to G. Neville Archbishop of York, would never have been identified as the work of the Leicester scribe but for this notice. The Homer is rather strikingly like the Leicester hand: but is written with a finer pen. That it was written and ornamented in Italy in cent. xv there can be little doubt. It is quite possibly a production by Emmanuel of Constantinople in the period before he came to England.
I have elsewhere suggested (Sources, p. 9) that this book really belonged to Christ Church, Canterbury, and not St Augustine's, and that it was brought over by Prior Sellinge. It is likewise clear that Parker was misled by the Θεοδωρος on p. 1 of this book and so assigned it to Archbishop Theodore and that this was the starting-point of his other similar and similarly absurd attributions.
The following note, which I found in Dr Masters's copy of Stanley's Catalogue, preserved in the College Library, suggests another origin for this Homer. I have been unable to identify the document to which reference is made. It should obviously be a letter of an Italian humanist in the Harleian collection. Possibly it may be well known to students, but personally I must confess to ignorance.
“Mem.: Humphrey Wanley, Librarian to the late Earl of Oxford, told Mr Fran: Stanley, son of the author, a little before his death, that in looking over some papers in the Earl's Library, he found a Letter from a learned Italian to his Friend in England wherein he told him there was then a very stately Homer just transcribed for Theodorus Gaza, of whose Illumination he gives him a very particular description, which answer'd so exactly in every part to that here set forth, that he [Wanley] was fully perswaded it was this very Book, and yt the Θεοδωρος at the bottom of 1st page order'd to be placed there by Gaza as his own name, gave occasion to Abp. Parker to imagine it might have belonged to Theodore of Canterbury, which however Hody was of opinion could not be of that age.”
Theodore Gaza died in 1478; the suggestion here made is quite compatible with the hypothesis that Sellinge was the means of conveying the Homer to England, and does supply a rather welcome interpretation of the Θεοδωρος -inscription. The MS. was used by Joshua Barnes (1711), Paley (Iliad II lix), T. W. Allen (Odyssey, 1907; Iliad, 1908), etc.
Foliation: ff. a-b + i-vii + pp. 1-986 (987-988 missing) + 989-1070 + ff. viii-xv + c-d(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Language: Greek and Latin.(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Contents
1.
1-457
Homer, Iliad, with intermittent scholia (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Title of cent. xvi
1
Rubric:
ΤΗ̑Σ ὈΜ́ΗΡΟΥ ἸΛΊΑΔΟΣ ἡ ά̓λφα ῥαψῳδία
1
Below in Roman characters: Matthaeus Cantuar
1
Then in a hand not that of the main scribe
1
ὑπόθεσια (-ις) . α
1
Rubric:
́Ἀλφα λιτ̀ας χρ́υσου λοιμ̀ον στρατου̑ έ̓χθος ἀνάκτων
1
The initial M of the text is in gold, surrounded by white branch-work (Florentine) on pink, blue, and greenish grounds
1
In the lower margin within a green wreath the name “ΘΕΟ|ΔΩ|ΡΟΣ|” in gold capitals. Probably not by the artist of the initial
19
Liber B has the beginning of an initial in ink. No more occur until Χ, (p. 393)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) Ψ (p. 408)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) which have them sketched in ink. Ω has none
457
The Iliad ends on p. 457
2.
457-714
Quintus of Smyrna, Posthomerica (Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
Title of cent. xvi
457
Rubric:
Quintus Calaber. Paraleipomena in libros Homeri in quatuordecim libros distincta
457
Old title in red
457
Rubric:
Κοί̈ντου
457
Incipit:
Εύ̑θ' ὑπ̀ο πηλείωνι δάμη θεοείκελος έ̔κτωρ
457
Initial in outline, and some to subsequent books
Ends p. 713. p. 714 blank
3.
715-1070
Homer, Odyssey, with intermittent scholia(Content authored by Corpus Christi College)
715
Rubric:
ὀδυσσείας ά̓λφα ὁμήρου ῥαψωδίας
715
Rubric:
Ά̓λφα θεω̑ν ἀγόρη ὀδυσηίδη παλλάδι θάρσος
715
Initial to text in outline
Ends p. 1068 (really 1070)
1068
Explicit:
ἠδ̀ε κὰι αὐδήν
Below, in a later hand
1068
Rubric:
ὁμήρου ἐπιτάφιον
1068
Incipit:
ἐνθάδε τ̀ην ἱρ̀αν κεφάλην κ. τ. λ.
1068
Under this in a green wreath a bust of Homer(?), a turbaned bearded man in red buttoned coat with green collar facing L.: ground blue with red border
1068
Below this the Epitaph again in another hand in red: below it a medallion like the first with similar ground: Athene full-face with helmet, spear, and shield. These are by the artist of the Θεοδω̑ρος on p. 1
pp. 1069-1070 (1071-1072) blank; quire b (ff. viiir-xvv)(Content authored by Corpus Christi College) blank
The Scholia are sparse in the Iliad and only more copious in the Odyssey. They are very likely not by the scribe of the text: but I am not sure of this